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Governmental apparatus of district and prefecture levels

Since 1899, districts had established administrative units independent from prefectures. Each prefecture or district became an autonomous unit, independent on each other administratively and judicially. However, they were dependent on the Governor (Tuần phủ) or the general governor (Tổng đốc) and under the control of the Minister Plenipotentiary (Công sứ). The discrimination over the name of prefecture and district can only be a historical heritage. For example, Kien Xuong Prefecture included 3 districts in the past. Vu Tien, Thu Tri and Chan Dinh are the higher levels of those districts. Later, the French reordered the levels, putting prefecture and district in the same level under the provincial level. However, in terms of feudal official hierarchy, the prefect (Tri phủ) rank was still lower than the magistrate (Tri huyện).

The administrative units now and then

1. The Hung Kings Van Lang state was led by Hung Vuong. Hung Vuong throne was hereditary. According to the legend, there were 18 Hung kings. Van Lang country was divided into 15 areas corresponding to the residential regions of the 15 Vietnamese tribes. The tribes were governed by Lac tribal ministers, who are also hereditary. Currently, there are 3 different lists of 15 tribes of Van Lang State:

Industrial Parks of Thai Binh Province

Industrial Parks of Thai Binh Province Industrial Parks of Thai Binh Province were formed from the 70s of the 20th century, including the following industrial parks: Phuc Khanh, Tien Phong, Tien Hai. In 2001, the production value of the industrial parks reached 415 billion VND, accounting for nearly 26 % of the value of industrial production of the province, creating jobs for more than 6,000 employees.

Cheo (Traditional operetta)

1. Cheo regions, Cheo troupes in Thai Binh Province Among three typical Cheo regions in Thai Binh province before the August Revolution 1945, Cheo Ha Xa was the most outstanding one.

Communal-level government

Village or commune, collectively called village, is the final administrative unit of the system of colonialist-ruled state. Belonging to the government system, the villages are issued by the state with a wood seal, which included the name of the village, and was kept by the village mayor. Under the village level, many of them were divided into many hamlets, giáp (groups), lanes, stations... For example, Co Quan village in Co Quan canton, Tien Hung consisted of 4 hamlets Trung Village, Thuong Village, Lo Village, Ngoc Phu, but they were not a level of government in the French government system. These small units were headed by a person called group head, village mayor, village notable .etc... who mainly took care of the works in the village.

The life of Thai Binh residents during Dong Son culture period (from mid- first millennium BC to the early first millennium AD)

1. Economic life In human history, entering the Iron Age, the ancient Vietnamese residents had made progress by leaps and bounds in nature conquer, including progress in working tools from stone to metal. The appearance of the land of Tonkin Delta after Flanria marine transgression became a waiting point for the ancient Vietnamese people from mountainous areas and midlands to explore and dominate; including Thai Binh Land – the sea in the coastal North delta. From 2,500 to 3,000 years ago, the first villages were established on the high mounds and riverine areas by Thai Binh residents. At that time, residents of Thai Binh explored swamps, low lands to convert them into fields, built the long-term and stable settlement life with the economic methods of taking cultivation (water rice) as the main sector, combined with fishing, animal husbandry and handicrafts.

Archeological relics

The prehistoric archaeological relics related to the social life and traditional handicraft villages are mainly located in the riparian areas of Luoc River, Red River, Hoa River and the coastal area of Thai Thuy. The ancient Ngu Thien land, which is now in Hung Ha district, is also the home of the royal step-over place Ngu Thien which was built from the 17th century; Luu Xa area and Luu Gia Do wharf (in Tan Canh commune, Hung Ha district), an famous ancient place mentioned in the poems of Ly - Tran, the place where Sam prince ran to Luu Xa area (in 1209) to avoid Quach Boc disorder.

Artistic architectural monuments

Among 2176 existing historical sites in Thai Binh, nearly 18 % are artistic architectural monuments , of which about 20 % are artistic architectural monuments of Le dynasty, the rest are the monuments of Nguyen Dynasty... The artistic architectural monuments are diversely expressed, from communal houses, pagodas, temples, shrines to worship halls...

Historic sites

Over thousands of years of history, Thai Binh residents have constructed thousands of cultural heritages, which is the quintessence of labor, soul and wisdom of many successive generations of this land.


Thai Binh terrain is a plain which was formed not long ago. The present coastline was just consolidated within 100 - 200 years. Thai Binh is a delta province, which has a relatively flat terrain with a slope of less than 1 %; the elevation is varying from 1 – 2 m above the sea level, lower from northwest to southeast.


OVERVIEW OF THE TOURISM POTENTIAL OF THAI BINH PROVINCE Thai Binh is a plain province. It has a flat terrain with many rivers and lakes, cool climate, convenient transportation, many trade villages with valuable traditional handicraft items. In addition, it consists of many historic and cultural sites with unique and attractive festivals, games and folk dances. These are favorable conditions for the development of its tourism economy.

Dum singing

Dum singing is considered a combination between folk songs sung when people do farming and those sung in daily life. There are two types of Dum singing, includingsinging in daily life (hát vặt) and singing on special occasions (hát đám). Dum singing in daily life consists of short songs sung right during the time farmers are working in the field. Dum singing on special occasions is the development of Dum singing in daily life, it is often sung when boys and girls meet each other in festivals and ceremonies. Vi singing (hát ví nói) is the basic melody of Dum singing. Moreover, Dum singing in Thai Binh even includes hát đò đưa (Barcarolle Chant), trống quân (Army Drum), sa mạc (Desert) and etc... We can see that Thai Binh people learnt from people in surrounding provinces to enrich and diversify their Dum singing. However, Thai Binh Dum singing still has its own characteristics in both lyric and musical form.


(Lullaby) is a sort of folk music which is highly narrative and lyrical, and often heard in Vietnam, especially in the areas of folk music. However, in terms of musical utilization and particularly the lyric of each song, lullaby in Thai Binh has its own characteristics with a relative consistency of rhythm, melody and the open singing in the lullaby system of the northern delta.

Barcarolle Chant

1. Barcarolle Chant Unlike fishing boat rowing chant of fishermen in the ocean, barcarolle chant consists of rhyming sentences and songs of fishermen or people who row boat for trade boats, transport ships in freshwater regions. Barcarolle chant is rich in lyrics with melodious voice and echo around river estuaries as well as all sections of large rivers. It is sung not only in January, February, July, or August but also around the year in many places. Barcarolle chant provides entertainment and encourages people in their work. In the past, boys and girls were often sung at night when ships were moving busily up and down for trade.

Mineral potential of Thai Binh

Minerals Thai Binh province have following minerals: gas, lignite, titanium (ilmenite), pottery clay, brick clay, hot mineral water. The detailed research results are as follows:

Thai Binh and the whole country utterly defeated the French invasion (01/1952 – 7/1954)

In mid November 1951, the French carried out the Lotust march to invade Hoa Binh town to regain the initiative on the battlefield in the North. This was a favorable opportunity to carry out the people’s war in the areas behind the enemy.

Thai Binh and the whole country were ready for the resistance war against the French invaders (1/1947 - 12/1949)

To carry out the bad ambition to invade our country once again, it was helped by the British Empire and the U.S. Empire, the French colonialists blatantly ripped off the Preliminary Agreement (06 March 1946) and denied the talk in Phongtenblo, France (06 July 1946). On 21 November 1946, the French captured Lang Son, caused a conflict in Hai Phong. On 18 December 1946, they opened fire and sent an ultimatum demanding the disarmament of our armed forces in Hanoi.

Thai Binh with the resistance war against the French invasion (1945 - 1954)

Fighting against hunger, illiteracy and building the revolutionary forces, struggling to maintain and strengthen the people's democratic government (9/1945 - 12/1946).

Thai Binh during the period from the beginning of Millennium I to Century II BC

In late 2000, the turn of the century, an importance archaeological event took place in Thai Binh. Two bronze drums were discovered in the communal house of Cong village, Tan Minh Commune, Hung Ha district, a few tens of meters from the Red River dyke, the opposite bank was of Duy Tien district, Ha Nam province. These archaeological relics were widely distributed thousands of meters on a high mound, near the Red River dyke. The two bronze drums was discovered at a depth of 0.58 m, on the mound ground of more than 1.5 m high compared to the cultivating level, which had been called Lam Dong in the past. The one bronze drums was contained in another, they were placed upward, in the cultural layer of more than 80 cm thick, stably without being disturbed

Thai Binh with the medieval monarchical states

During more than 1000 years of struggle against the domination of Chinese feudalism, the insurrections led by Hai Ba Trung (40 - 43 AD), Ba Trieu (248 AD), Ly Bi revolt (542 - 603), Mai Thuc Loan (722 AD) and Duong Thanh (819 - 820) took place as the powerful waves, which led to a high tide of national liberation in the early tenth century. This high tide was opened with Khuc family. The history book wrote, "Khuc family is a large and old family in Hong Chau. Thua Du, who was tolerant and kind-hearted, was honored by the people.

Thai Binh with the states of Ngo - Dinh - Tien Le dynasties

After defeating Southern Han army at Bach Dang River estuary in late 938, the national hero Ngo Quyen proclaimed himself King, set up the capital in Co Loa, and founded Ngo dynasty - the independent monarchical state opening the long period of independence of the country. From then to the early eleventh century (1009), three consecutive dynasties Ngo - Dinh - Tien Le took turn to govern the country.

Thai Binh with the State of Ly dynasty

According to the referred books, at that time, in Luu Xa - Hai Ap, Luu family had a great influence. Luu Ngu was from Cuu Chan (Thanh Hoa). He was good both literature and martial arts. He used to follow Le Hoan to come to Dinh Bo Linh from the early days of revolt suppression. When Dinh dynasty collapsed, Le Hoan came to the throne, he was promoted as Do cook and was offered land in Luoc estuary junction. When Le Long Dinh (i.e. Le Ngoa Trieu) came to the throne, his discontented with the tyrant, and together with his two children Luu Dam and Luu Dien, linked with monk Van Hanh and Dao Cam Moc to change the dynasty, bringing the throne to Ly dynasty.

Thai Binh with Tay Son Dynasty

After Nguyen lord conquered Phu Xuan citadel, in June 1786, Nguyen Hue brought his troops to kill Trinh lord, reinstating the position of King of Le dynasty. Under the motto of pro-Le and anti-Trinh, Tay Son insurgent army was supported by Bac Ha people, they were very powerful, quickly capturing Thang Long. The last lord of Trinh family – Doan Nam king Trinh Khai (Tong) could not escape, he had to suicide to end the 11 generations of lords with more than 200 years of pro- Le (Actually, after Doan Nam king Trinh Tung, King Le Hien Tong were forced to "confer Trinh Bong to be the Regent Marshal Do Vuong” (Le Quy missing history. Publisher of Social Sciences, Hanoi, 1987).

Thai Binh with Nguyen dynasty in the period of democratic independence (1802 - 1884)

In 1802, after defeating Tay Son dynasty, Nguyen Anh was crowned the Emperor, taking the dating as Gia Long, founding the final feudal dynasty of Vietnamese history. Nguyen dynasty continued to organize examinations to recruit talents. The examinations of Nguyen dynasty started with the prefectural examination in 1807 of the 6th Gia Long year. By the 3rd year of Ming Menh (1820), the metropolitan examination started. Six years later (1825), the prefectural examination was required to be organized every 3 years, the next year was the metropolitan examination, and then the court examination. In Thai Binh, there were many people, who studied and became mandarins, made many outstanding contributions.

Establishment of Thai Binh Communist Party Committee

Updated on 04 July 2013 When the confucian scholars were still are still discussing the “country soul" in the poetry clubs, many young people and students of Thai Binh eagerly received the news of the success of Russian October Revolution, effervescent activities of Comrade Nguyen Ai Quoc overseas and the revolt of Chinese Revolution...
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